Tutorial 10 - Make this app your own

So far, our app has used a default “gray bee” icon when it is packaged. Let’s personalize our application by configuring it to use our own icon.

Adding an icon

Every platform uses a different format for application icons - and some platforms need multiple icons in different sizes and shapes. To account for this, Briefcase provides a shorthand way to configure an icon once, and then have that definition expand in to all the different icons needed for each individual platform.

Edit your pyproject.toml, adding a new icon configuration item in the [tool.briefcase.app.helloworld] configuration section, just above the sources definition:

icon = "icons/helloworld"

This icon definition doesn’t specify any file extension. The value will be used as a prefix; each platform will add additional items to this prefix to build the files needed for each platform. Some platforms require multiple icon files; this prefix will be combined with file size and variant modifiers to generate the list of icon files that are used.

We can now run briefcase update again - but this time, we pass in the --update-resources flag, telling Briefcase that we want to install new application resources (i.e., the icons):

(beeware-venv) $ briefcase update --update-resources

[helloworld] Updating application code...
Installing src/helloworld... done

[helloworld] Updating application resources...
Unable to find icons/helloworld.icns for application icon; using default

[helloworld] Removing unneeded app content...
Removing unneeded app bundle content... done

[helloworld] Application updated.

This reports the specific icon file (or files) that Briefcase is expecting. However, as we haven’t provided the actual icon files, the install fails, and Briefcase falls back to a default value (the same “gray bee” icon).

Let’s provide some actual icons. Download this icons.zip bundle, and unpack it into the root of your project directory. After unpacking, your project directory should look something like:

beeware-tutorial/
├── beeware-venv/
│   └── ...
└── helloworld/
    ├── ...
    └── pyproject.toml
        ├── icons/
        │   ├── helloworld.icns
        │   ├── helloworld.ico
        │   ├── helloworld.png
        │   ├── helloworld-16.png
        │   ├── ...
        └── src/
            └── ...

There’s a lot of icons in this folder, but most of them should look the same: a green snake on a light blue background:

Icon of green snake with a light blue background

The only exception will be the icons with -adaptive- in their name; these will have a transparent background. This represents all the different icon sizes and shapes you need to support an app on every platform that Briefcase supports.

Now that we have icons, we can update the application again. However, briefcase update will only copy the updated resources into the build directory; we also want to rebuild the app to make sure the new icon is included, then start the app. We can shortcut this process by passing --update-resources to our call to run - this will update the app, update the app’s resources, and then start the app:

(beeware-venv) $ briefcase run --update-resources

[helloworld] Updating application code...
Installing src/helloworld... done

[helloworld] Updating application resources...
Installing icons/helloworld.icns as application icon... done

[helloworld] Removing unneeded app content...
Removing unneeded app bundle content... done

[helloworld] Application updated.

[helloworld] Ad-hoc signing app...
     ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━ 100.0% • 00:01

[helloworld] Built build/helloworld/macos/app/Hello World.app

[helloworld] Starting app...

When you run the app on iOS or Android, in addition to the icon change, you should also notice that the splash screen incorporates the new icon. However, the light blue background of the icon looks a little out of place against the white background of the splash screen. We can fix this by customizing the background color of the splash screen. Add the following definition to your pyproject.toml, just after the icon definition:

splash_background_color = "#D3E6F5"

Unfortunately, Briefcase isn’t able to apply this change to an already generated project, as it requires making modifications to one of the files that was generated during the original call to briefcase create. To apply this change, we have to re-create the app by re-running briefcase create. When we do this, we’ll be prompted to confirm that we want to overwrite the existing project:

(beeware-venv) $ briefcase create

Application 'helloworld' already exists; overwrite [y/N]? y

[helloworld] Removing old application bundle...

[helloworld] Generating application template...
...

[helloworld] Created build/helloworld/macos/app

You can then re-build and re-run the app using briefcase run. You won’t notice any changes to the desktop app; but the Android or iOS apps should now have a light blue splash screen background.

You’ll need to re-create the app like this whenever you make a change to your pyproject.toml that doesn’t relate to source code or dependencies. Any change to descriptions, version numbers, colors, or permissions will require a re-create step. Because of this, while you are developing your project, you shouldn’t make any manual changes to the contents of the build folder, and you shouldn’t add the build folder to your version control system. The build folder should be considered entirely ephemeral - an output of the build system that can be recreated as needed to reflect the current configuration of your project.

Next steps

This has been a taste for what you can do with the tools provided by the BeeWare project. What you do from here is up to you!

Some places to go from here: